|Intro||Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe|
Sao Tomé and Príncipe
|Birth||18 March 1962, Libreville|
Patrice Emery Trovoada (born 18 March 1962) is a São Toméan politician who has served as Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe since November 2014. He previously served as Prime Minister from February 2008 to June 2008 and again from August 2010 to December 2012.
Life and career
Trovoada was born in Libreville, Gabon. He is the son of Miguel Trovoada, who was President of São Tomé and Príncipe from 1991 to 2001, and was named after Patrice Lumumba, the first Prime Minister of Congo (Léopoldville).
He served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from September 2001 to 4 February 2002. He was also oil adviser to President Fradique de Menezes until Menezes fired him in May 2005, alleging that Trovoada had used his position to advance his business interests.
Trovoada is Secretary-General of Independent Democratic Action (ADI), a political party. He ran for President in the July 2006 presidential election, but was defeated by Menezes, the incumbent president. Trovoada was the only major opposition candidate and he received 38.82% of the vote.
On February 14, 2008, Trovoada became Prime Minister; he was appointed by Menezes following the resignation of Tomé Vera Cruz.
On March 4, 2008, he made a brief official visit to Gabon.
Trovoada’s government was defeated in a censure motion in the National Assembly on May 20, 2008 after three months in office. The motion, introduced by the opposition Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party (MLSTP/PSD), received 30 votes in favor, 23 opposed, and two abstaining. In June, Menezes asked the MLSTP/PSD to form a government, and it chose its leader, Joaquim Rafael Branco, as Prime Minister.
After the 2010 parliamentary election, Trovoada returned as Prime Minister on August 14, 2010, but left office on December 13, 2012, after his government had lost its majority in parliament. However, the parliamentary election of 2014 again produced a majority for Trovoada’s Independent Democratic Action party, with 33 of the 55 seats in the National Assembly, and he was again appointed to head a new government.