What are the main objectives of industrial relations?
The primary objective of industrial relations is to bring about sound and healthy relations between employers and employees. (iv) To establish and maintain industrial democracy; (v) To achieve a sound, harmonious and mutually beneficial labor management relations.
What is meant by industrial relations?
Industrial relation refers to a relationship between the employers and employees. It also refers to a field of study that examines these types of relationships, especially groups of workers in unions. The employers are represented by management and employees are represented by unions.
What are the characteristics of Labour relations?
A labour relations system incorporates both societal values (e.g., freedom of association, a sense of group solidarity, search for maximized profits) and techniques (e.g., methods of negotiation, work organization, consultation and dispute resolution).
What is the role of labor relations?
While they do serve in staff oversight, the role of labor relations specialists is a bit more specialized. As a representative for the employees, they work to resolve disputes between management and workers. They also fight for fair employee working conditions within organizations.
What are the three actors in industrial relations?
The term “actors” in industrial relation gained currency in John Dunlop’s Industrial Relation System in 1958. He proposed that three parties-employer, labour union, and government are the key actors in a modern industrial system.
What are the types of industrial relations?
(i) Labour relations i.e., relations between union- management (also known as labour management relations); (ii) Group relations i.e., relations between various groups of workmen i.e., workmen, supervisors, technical persons, etc.
Who is the father of industrial relations?
The pluralist industrial relations school of thought traces back to Sidney and Beatrice Webb in England, John R. Commons (the father of U.S. industrial relations), and members of the Wisconsin school of institutional labor economists in the early twentieth century.
Who are the major participants in industrial relations?
The main participants in industrial relations are: (i) Employers. (ii) Employees/workers. (iii) Government. Employers have their associations to deal with labour problems and their unions in a collective way.
What are the main theories of industrial relations?
The three popular approaches to industrial relations are the unitary approach, Pluralistic approach, and Marxist approach. These approaches to industrial relations at a primary level are analytical categorizations and not theories having predictive values.
What are the components of industrial relations system?
The Labour Departments and the social partners, represented by trade unions and employers and their organizations, constitute the tripartite pillars of the industrial relations system.